Q. My dog has luxating patella. How do I tell when she needs surgery?
Patellar luxation (dislocated or floating kneecap) is a common condition, especially in small breed dogs. It is a result of anatomic bone deformities.
A decision on whether to perform surgery for patellar luxation depends on the following factors:
- Clinical signs
- Severity of luxation
- Presence of any other bone deformities
Surgery may generally be recommended for dogs with:
- a chronic lameness of more than two to three weeks
- multiple episodes of lameness, or
- severe luxation (Grade 3-4 out of 4)
Your trusted vet should assess your dog’s knee and bones and discuss with you whether surgery is a good option for your dog.
You may also consult a veterinary orthopaedic surgeon if you are contemplating surgery.
Also read: Our experience with luxating patella surgery.